Drishti Dhawan

“Worry often gives a small thing a big shadow”

-The Swedish proverb truly describes that even a slightest thing can be a reason of anxiety. Anxiety disorders form a category of mental health diagnoses that lead to excessive nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry.

These disorders alter how a person processes emotions and behave, also causing physical symptoms. Mild anxiety might be vague and unsettling, while severe anxiety may seriously affect day-to-day living.

Anxiety is a feeling of fear, dread, and uneasiness. It might cause you to sweat, feel restless and tense, and have a rapid heartbeat. It can be a normal reaction to stress. For example, you might feel anxious when faced with a difficult problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision. It can help you to cope. The anxiety may give you a boost of energy or help you focus. But for people with anxiety disorders, the fear is not temporary and can be overwhelming.

Anxiety Disorders on the other hand, are conditions in which you have anxiety that does not go away and can get worse over time. The symptoms can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, schoolwork, and relationships. There are several types of anxiety disorder, including panic disorder, phobias, and social anxiety.

 While a number of different diagnoses constitute anxiety disorders, the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include  restlessness, and a feeling of being “on-edge”, uncontrollable feelings of worrying, increased irritability, concentration difficulties, sleep difficulties such as problems in falling or staying asleep.

Possible causes include of anxiety are, environmental stressors, such as difficulties at work, relationship problems, or family issues; genetics, as people who have family members with an anxiety disorder; medical factors, such as the symptoms of a different disease, the effects of a medication, or the stress of an intensive surgery; brain chemistry, as psychologists define many anxiety disorders as misalignments of hormones.

There are several exercises and actions to help a person cope with milder, more focused, or shorter-term anxiety disorders, including Stressmanagement; Relaxation techniquesincluding simple activities that can help soothe the mental and physical signs of anxiety, these techniques include meditation, deep breathing exercises, long baths, resting in the dark, and yoga; Talking with familiar people who are supportive, such as a family member or friend; physical exertion can improve self-image and release chemicals in the brain that trigger positive feelings.

Anxiety itself is not a medical condition but a natural emotion which is vital for survival when an individual finds themselves facing danger. An anxiety disorder develops when this reaction becomes exaggerated or out-of-proportion to the trigger that causes it.